Robinhood Faces $22.5M Fine Over 20-Year-Old Customer’s Tragic Death: What Happened?

On June 12, 2020, a 20-year-old Robinhood customer named Alex Kearns took his own life. Kearns had been trading options on Robinhood’s platform, and his negative account balance of over $700,000 had led him to believe he had incurred massive losses. However, Kearns’ balance was only temporarily negative due to unsettled trades, and the actual losses were much smaller.

In the wake of Kearns’ tragic death, Robinhood has faced significant backlash and scrutiny. In December 2021, the company was hit with a $22.5 million fine from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) over allegations of misleading customers about its business practices. In this article, we will explore the details of the Robinhood case and what it means for the future of online trading platforms.

The Tragic Death of Alex Kearns

Alex Kearns was a college student from Illinois who began trading on Robinhood in 2019. He was an inexperienced trader who had only recently started investing in options. On June 12, 2020, Kearns logged onto his Robinhood account and saw a negative balance of over $700,000. He was distraught and believed he had lost a massive amount of money.

Kearns tried to contact Robinhood’s customer support team to get an explanation for his account balance, but he received only automated responses. He sent a final message to Robinhood that read, “How was a 20-year-old with no income able to get assigned almost a million dollars worth of leverage?” Kearns then took his own life.

It later emerged that Kearns’ account balance was only temporarily negative due to unsettled trades. The actual losses were much smaller, and Kearns would have had time to make up the difference before Robinhood would have initiated any collection efforts.

Robinhood’s Business Practices Under Scrutiny

In the wake of Kearns’ death, Robinhood faced significant backlash and criticism. The company was accused of promoting risky trading practices and failing to adequately support its customers. Robinhood’s “gamification” of trading, which includes features such as confetti animations and push notifications that encourage users to trade frequently, came under particular scrutiny.

In December 2021, the SEC announced that it had fined Robinhood $22.5 million over allegations that the company had misled customers about its business practices. The SEC alleged that Robinhood had made false or misleading statements about how it makes money from customer trades, failed to disclose certain information to customers about the risks of options trading, and had failed to ensure that customers received the best possible prices for trades.

What Does the Future Hold for Online Trading Platforms?

The Robinhood case has raised important questions about the regulation of online trading platforms. Critics have argued that these platforms encourage risky trading behavior and fail to adequately protect inexperienced investors. Some have called for greater regulation of these platforms, while others have suggested that the platforms themselves need to take more responsibility for their users’ actions.

In response to the criticism, Robinhood has made a number of changes to its platform. The company has eliminated the confetti animations and other features that were seen as encouraging risky trading behavior. Robinhood has also improved its customer support, adding phone support and hiring more customer service representatives.

The $22.5 million fine from the SEC is a significant blow to Robinhood, but it is unlikely to put the company out of business. However, the case serves as a warning to other online trading platforms that they must be transparent about their business practices and take steps to protect their customers.


The tragic death of Alex Kearns and the subsequent fine imposed on Robinhood by the SEC have brought to light the risks and shortcomings of online trading platforms. While these platforms have made investing more accessible to a wider range of people, they also come with significant risks and require greater regulation and oversight.

It is important for investors to be aware of the risks associated with trading on platforms like Robinhood and to approach investing with caution. Platforms like Robinhood can be a useful tool for investors, but they should not be seen as a substitute for traditional financial advice and guidance.

In the future, it is likely that we will see greater regulation and oversight of online trading platforms. Investors can expect to see more transparency from these platforms about their business practices, as well as greater protections for consumers. Ultimately, the goal is to ensure that investors can make informed decisions and that their investments are protected from unnecessary risks and harm.


  1. What is Robinhood, and how does it work?

Robinhood is an online trading platform that allows users to buy and sell stocks, options, and cryptocurrencies without paying any fees. Users can trade on the platform using their mobile devices or through a web interface.

  1. What are the risks of trading on Robinhood?

Trading on Robinhood carries significant risks, including the potential for significant losses. Users should be aware of the risks associated with trading on the platform and should approach investing with caution.

  1. What changes has Robinhood made in response to criticism?

In response to criticism, Robinhood has made a number of changes to its platform. The company has eliminated features that were seen as encouraging risky trading behavior and has improved its customer support.

  1. What is the SEC, and why did they fine Robinhood?

The SEC is the US Securities and Exchange Commission, a federal agency responsible for regulating the securities industry. The SEC fined Robinhood for misleading customers about its business practices and failing to adequately protect investors.

  1. How can investors protect themselves when trading on Robinhood?

Investors can protect themselves by being aware of the risks associated with trading on Robinhood and by approaching investing with caution. It is also important to seek out traditional financial advice and guidance when making investment decisions.

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